Please read and follow these instructions carefully. Doing so will ensure that the publication of your manuscript is as rapid and efficient as possible. The Publisher reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with these instructions.
We accept manuscripts prepared in a Microsoft Word file (.docx) and following the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., with presentation in Times New Roman 11 pt. Please, consult this template as a general formatting reference.
The article length is up to 6000 words, including all parts and sections, tables, references, figure captions, endnotes. For reports on events and EUROLTA, as well as book reviews – within 1500-2000 words.
Manuscripts should be structured and formatted as follows:
Headings should be as follows:
Only British spelling should be used consistently throughout the text. Abbreviations should be defined at their first mention and used consistently.
The article should be divided into clearly defined sections and subsections. Section and subsection headings should appear on separate lines.
State the study topicality, objectives, subject matter, and the problem under consideration, other research premises.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Highlight the material to be analysed, and state the methods of analysis from the angle of their expedience for the particular topic. Make a review of works related to the article topic, with a special note of disputable and/or undeveloped issues.
STUDY AND RESULTS
Describe the research procedure that reveals the analysis results. Focus on new findings. Present the results in concise and clear statements.
Estimate the significance and contribution of the study results, the prospects for their practical implementation and for further research on the topic. A combined Results and Discussion section may be appropriate depending on the nature of the study.
Briefly sum up what has been analysed and the conclusions you have eventually come to.
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference. All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by ‘p.’). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
According to Jones (1998), ‘students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time’ (p. 199).
Jones (1998) found ‘students often had difficulty using APA style’ (p. 199); what implications does this have for teachers?
If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation.
She stated, ‘students often had difficulty using APA style’ (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.
Place direct quotations that are 40 words, or longer, in a freestanding block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation (formatted in italics) on a new line in the same place you would begin a new paragraph.
Jones's (1998) study found the following:
Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help (p. 199).
If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference. In this case you don't have to provide the page number.
According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Jones, 1998).
A work by two authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word ‘and’ between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses.
Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports the idea that APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Wegener & Petty, 1994).
A work by three or more authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses.
According to Kernis et al. (1993), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
As stated in (Kernis et al., 1993), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Kernis et al., 1993).
For all formatting and styling specifications not covered here, please refer to APA manual, 6th ed.
A reference list comprises all sources cited in the text of a paper, listed alphabetically by authors’ surnames in size 11pt in conformity with the APA style requirements, 6th ed.
In your References list, only the first word of a title will be capitalised: Writing new media.
if you are citing more than one works by the same author, order them by year of publication, with the earliest first.
Single author: Last name first, followed by author initials.
Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.
Two authors: List by their last names and initials. Use the ampersand instead of ‘and’.
Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.
Three to seven authors: List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.
Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.
Journals paginated by issue begin with page one every issue; therefore, the issue number gets indicated in parentheses after the volume. The volume number is italicised. The parentheses and issue number are not italicised or underlined. If DOI (digital object identifier) is available, it is placed at the end of the reference (no period at the end of it). Titles of journals should not be abbreviated.
Malyuga, E., & Tomalin, B. (2014). English professional jargon in economic discourse. Journal of Language and Literature, 5(4), 172–180. doi: 10.7813/jll.2014/5-4/38
The basic format for books is as follows:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
For ‘Location’, you should always list the city and the state using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods (New York, NY). If location is outside the US, you should also indicate the country (Harlow, UK; Moscow, Russia)
Calfee, R. C. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
The basic format for book chapters is as follows:
Tomalin, B. (2010). India rising. In G. Forey & J. Lockwood (Eds.), Globalisation: Communication and the workplace (pp. 41-57). London, UK: Continuum Publishing.
The basic format for dissertations is as follows:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of dissertation (Type of dissertation). Name of institution, location.
Sabbagh, S. A. (2009). Investigating oral presentation skills and non-verbal communication techniques in UAE classrooms (Doctoral dissertation). American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
The basic format for conference proceedings is as follows:
Schnase, J. L., & Cunnius, E. L. (Eds.). (1995). Evaluative techniques for collaborative learning. In Proceedings of CSCL '95: The First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, 112(35), 10837-10844. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
If DOI is assigned, location and publisher information is ommitted:
Schnase, J. L., & Cunnius, E. L. (Eds.). (1995). Evaluative techniques for collaborative learning. In Proceedings of CSCL '95: The First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, 112(35), 10837-10844. doi: 10:123-000-11-12
For any further information not covered here, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.