TLC is dedicated to following best practices on ethical matters, errors, and retractions. The prevention of publication malpractice is one of the important responsibilities of the Editorial Board. Any kind of unethical behaviour is not acceptable, and TLC does not tolerate plagiarism in any form.
Training, Language and Culture is committed to encouraging responsible publication practices honouring the generally accepted ethical principles. The Editorial Board of Training, Language and Culture adheres to the policies promoted by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), publishes manuscripts following the double-blind peer review procedure, and licenses published material under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License .
Journal publisher, RUDN University, is a co-founder and member of the Association of Science Editors and Publishers (ASEP) and supports the ASEP Declaration on Ethical Principles for Scientific Publications. Compliance with publication ethics ensures the integrity of scientific publishing and confidence in published articles. Therefore, Training, Language and Culture expects all authors to adhere to ethical requirements in the preparation of their manuscript.
Editors of Training, Language and Culture have responsibilities towards the authors contributing content to the journal, the peer reviewers who comment on the suitability of manuscripts for publication, the journal’s readers and the scientific community in general. Editors have the responsibility to:
- provide clear statements disclosing the journal’s aims, scope, publication ethics and peer review policies, and follow the corresponding regulations;
- provide guidelines outlining the processes of preparation and submission of manuscripts;
- treat all contributors with fairness, courtesy, objectivity, honesty, and transparency;
- respect the intellectual independence of authors;
- protect the confidentiality of every submitted manuscript and personal data;
- make known any conflicts of interest that might arise;
- establish and follow an efficient and rapid peer review procedure;
- make editorial decisions with reasonable speed and communicate them to the authors in a clear and constructive manner;
- describe, implement, and regularly review policies for handling ethical issues and allegations or findings of misconduct by authors and anyone involved in the peer review process, specifically as provided for in COPE guidelines;
- ensure timely publication of accepted manuscripts;
- maintain the journal’s internal integrity, which includes correcting errors, differentiating types of content, identifying published material with proper references, providing contributor information, specifying preferred citation formats, identifying license types for published content, etc.
Training, Language and Culture is committed to ensuring a fair and productive peer review process to secure the integrity of the scholarly record, and adheres to the policies promoted by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Reviewers working with the manuscripts submitted to Training, Language and Culture have the responsibility to follow the regulations outlined in the journal’s Peer Review policy.
Plagiarism refers to (1) an act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorisation and the representation of that author’s work as one’s own, as by not crediting the original author, or (2) a piece of writing or other work reflecting such unauthorised use or imitation. Training, Language and Culture considers plagiarism a serious offense and is committed to eliminating manuscripts with possible cases of plagiarism from its review and publication process. The journal uses RUDN University in-house duplicate check software to screen each manuscript for possible cases of plagiarism. Plagiarism check is the first step in the manuscript review process. Manuscripts that are found to contain unacceptable level of similarity with other published works shall be immediately rejected. Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). Training, Language and Culture will follow COPE guidelines for suspected plagiarism in a submitted manuscript.
Duplicate submission is a situation whereby an author submits the same or similar manuscripts to two different journals simultaneously. This includes the submission of manuscripts derived from the same data in such a manner that there are no substantial differences in the manuscripts. Duplicate submission also includes the submission of the same/similar manuscript in different languages to different journals. Duplicate submissions will be considered unacceptable, and each author is required to state in writing that their manuscript has not been published before and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. In handling cases of duplicate submissions Training, Language and Culture will follow COPE text recycling guidelines for editors.
Fabrication, Manipulation and/or Falsification of Data
Any kind of fabrication, manipulation and/or falsification of data is considered unethical, and Training, Language and Culture is committed to verifying the data presented in the submitted manuscripts through rigorous assessment of methodological procedures applied in the research, as well as through online check for comparable data. The journal will act in compliance with COPE guidelines for data and reproducibility in dealing with suspected cases of data fabrication, manipulation and/or falsification.
A manuscript should contain only relevant citations. Inclusion of citations that are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged. Similarly, irrelevant self-citation to increase one’s citation rating is considered unethical.
Individuals who participated in the development of a manuscript but do not qualify as an author should be acknowledged. Organisations that provided support in terms of funding and/or other resources should also be acknowledged.
Conflict of Interest
Conflict of interest exists when there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behaviour or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests. Authors are expected to disclose all financial/relevant interest that may have influenced the development of the manuscript. Reviewers should disclose any conflict of interest and if necessary, decline the review of any manuscript they perceive to have a conflict of interest. Editors of Training, Language and Culture will also decline from considering any manuscript that may have conflict of interest. Such manuscripts will be re-assigned to other editors.
A submitted manuscript is a confidential material. Training, Language and Culture will not disclose submitted manuscript to anyone except individuals who partake in the processing and preparation of the manuscript for publication (if accepted). These individuals include editorial staff, corresponding authors, potential reviewers, actual reviewers, and editors. However, in suspected cases of misconduct, a manuscript may be revealed to third parties that may require it for the resolution of the misconduct.
Correction and Retraction of Articles
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. Corrections may be made to a published article with the authorisation of the editor of the journal. Editors will decide the magnitude of the corrections. Minor corrections are made directly to the original article. However, in cases of major corrections, the original article will remain unchanged, while the corrected version will also be published. Both the original and corrected version will be linked to each other. A statement indicating the reason for the major change to the article will also be published. When necessary, retraction of articles will be done according to COPE retraction guidelines.
Hazards and Human Subjects
Authors contributing manuscripts to Training, Language and Culture are required to include in the text of the manuscript a statement affirming that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
Statement of Human Rights
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Declaration of Helsinki, as revised in 2013. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
Before you proceed to submit your paper, please make sure it meets our requirements