TLC is dedicated to following best practices on ethical matters, errors, and retractions. The prevention of publication malpractice is one of the important responsibilities of the Editorial Board. Any kind of unethical behaviour is not acceptable, and TLC does not tolerate plagiarism in any form.
Authors submitting articles to TLC affirm that manuscript contents are original and warrant that their article has neither been published elsewhere in any language fully or partly, nor is it under review for publication anywhere.
Training, Language and Culture is committed to encouraging responsible publication practices honouring the generally accepted ethical principles. The Editorial Board of Training, Language and Culture adheres to the policies promoted by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), publishes manuscripts following the double-blind peer review procedure, and licenses published material under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Compliance with publication ethics ensures the integrity of scientific publishing and confidence in published articles. Therefore, Training, Language and Culture expects all authors to adhere to ethical requirements in the preparation of their manuscript.
All articles and book reviews published in Training, Language and Culture are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Plagiarism refers to (1) an act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorisation and the representation of that author’s work as one’s own, as by not crediting the original author, or (2) a piece of writing or other work reflecting such unauthorised use or imitation.
Training, Language and Culture considers plagiarism a serious offense and is committed to eliminating manuscripts with possible cases of plagiarism from its review and publication process. TLC uses RUDN University in-house duplicate check software to screen each manuscript for possible cases of plagiarism. Plagiarism check is the first step in the manuscript review process. Manuscripts that are found to contain unacceptable level of similarity with other published works shall be immediately rejected. Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). Training, Language and Culture will follow COPE guidelines for suspected plagiarism in a submitted manuscript.
Duplicate submission is a situation whereby an author submits the same or similar manuscripts to two different journals simultaneously. This includes the submission of manuscripts derived from the same data in such a manner that there are no substantial differences in the manuscripts. Duplicate submission also includes the submission of the same/similar manuscript in different languages to different journals. Duplicate submissions will be considered unacceptable, and each author is required to state in writing that their manuscript has not been published before and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. In handling cases of duplicate submissions Training, Language and Culture will follow COPE text recycling guidelines for editors.
Fabrication, Manipulation and/or Falsification of Data
Any kind of fabrication, manipulation and/or falsification of data is considered unethical, and Training, Language and Culture is committed to verifying the data presented in the submitted manuscripts through rigorous assessment of methodological procedures applied in the research, as well as through online check for comparable data. The journal will act in compliance with COPE guidelines for data and reproducibility in dealing with suspected cases of data fabrication, manipulation and/or falsification.
A manuscript should contain only relevant citations. Inclusion of citations that are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged. Similarly, irrelevant self-citation to increase one’s citation rating is considered unethical.
Individuals who participated in the development of a manuscript but do not qualify as an author should be acknowledged. Organisations that provided support in terms of funding and/or other resources should also be acknowledged.
Conflict of Interest
Conflict of interest exists when there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behaviour or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests. Authors are expected to disclose all financial/relevant interest that may have influenced the development of the manuscript. Reviewers should disclose any conflict of interest and if necessary, decline the review of any manuscript they perceive to have a conflict of interest. Editors of Training, Language and Culture will also decline from considering any manuscript that may have conflict of interest. Such manuscripts will be re-assigned to other editors.
A submitted manuscript is a confidential material. Training, Language and Culture will not disclose submitted manuscript to anyone except individuals who partake in the processing and preparation of the manuscript for publication (if accepted). These individuals include editorial staff, corresponding authors, potential reviewers, actual reviewers, and editors. However, in suspected cases of misconduct, a manuscript may be revealed to third parties that may require it for the resolution of the misconduct.
Correction and Retraction of Articles
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. Corrections may be made to a published article with the authorisation of the editor of the journal. Editors will decide the magnitude of the corrections. Minor corrections are made directly to the original article. However, in cases of major corrections, the original article will remain unchanged, while the corrected version will also be published. Both the original and corrected version will be linked to each other. A statement indicating the reason for the major change to the article will also be published. When necessary, retraction of articles will be done according to COPE retraction guidelines.
TLC Submission Guidelines
Before you proceed to submit your paper, please make sure it meets our requirements