ISSN 2520-2073 | 2521-442X

TLC ARCHIVE

Training, Language and Culture offers open access to all of the journal's content available for download online. TLC readers can download either the full version of each issue, or individual articles and reviews free of charge.

The current issue 6(1) has gathered some comprehensive and illuminating research covering several valid scientific problems, including language research in the academic journals, foreign language speaking anxiety, intercultural awareness and learning, prosodic culturally marked peculiarities of language teachers’ speech behaviour, emotions in written communication, and geographically rmarked Hispanic toponymy.

Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

The first issue of 2022 has gathered some comprehensive and illuminating research covering several valid scientific problems, including language research in the academic journals, foreign language speaking anxiety, intercultural awareness and learning, prosodic culturally marked peculiarities of language teachers’ speech behaviour, emotions in written communication, and geographically rmarked Hispanic toponymy.


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Powering the future: Academic journals and language research

Dealing with foreign language speaking anxiety: What every language teacher should know

Considering perspectives of others: A case study of intercultural learning among English language learners in Norwaya

The role of prosody in expressing culture-specific speech behaviour of language teachers in English

Communicating recipient’s emotions: Text-triggered interest

Hispanic toponymy of Western Sahara: Stratigraphic and typological analysis

Review McCarthy’s field guide to grammar (a review)

Review Reflecting on leadership in language education (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

This final issue of 2021 discusses some captivating questions in the domain of neurolinguistics, computer-mediated communication, discourse analysis of social media, language policy and planning, cultural contexts, intertextuality, and the strategies and tactics of speech behaviour.


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Walk’n’Talk: Effects of a communicative strategy

The social media framing of gender pay gap debate in American women’s sport: A linguistic analysis of emotive language

English and Malay language policy and planning in Malaysia

Not ‘culture’ as Hofstede assumed, but ‘context’ is the software of the mind: The neuroscience of a dynamic, contextual, and polycultural self

Precedence-setting tokens: Issues of classification and functional attribution

Verbalisation of encouragement in contemporary French dialogic discourse

Review Language learning environments: Spatial perspectives on second language acquisition (a review)

Review Highly irregular: Why tough, through and dough don’t rhyme (a review)







Current Challenges in Language Teaching and Learning: Perspectives, Practices and Provisions

Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

Guest Editor Dr Ekaterina Protassova

This special issue prepared in collaboration with Guest Editor Dr Ekaterina Protassova of the University of Helsinki focuses on diverse conditions of language teaching and learning that reflect the leading edge of educational thought in order to promote multilingualism and introduce languages other than English.


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Language learning with physical activity: The case of learning Italian in tourism

Languages for specific purposes in medicine and healthcare in times of the Covid-19 pandemic: Reflections on usage-based teaching

Emergency remote teaching and learning in simultaneous interpreting: Capturing experiences of teachers and students

Teaching simultaneous interpreting: The early stage

Mixed method in language teaching: Concepts and model’s evaluation

A look into young learners’ language learning strategies: A Croatian example

Review Rethinking language use in digital Africa: Technology and communication in Sub-Saharan Africa (a review)

Review Constructive intercultural management: Integrating cultural differences successfully (a review)







More than Meets the Eye:
A Closer Look at Professional Discourse

Articles: 6 Reviews: 1

Guest Editor Dr Michael McCarthy

TLC is proud to present a special issue on the language of professional discourse prepared in collaboration with Guest Editor Dr Michael McCarthy, Emeritus Professor of Applied Linguistics at the University of Nottingham and author of more than 50 books and 100 academic papers dealing with English language research. All the articles in this issue go beyond the lexico-grammatical scaffolding of their chosen texts and, using different methods and approaches, all explore the symbolic substrata of texts within professional discourses in the domains of politics, marketing, tourism, and socio-cultural media.


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The phenomenon of fascination in political discourse (by Italian examples)

The role of the cognitive metaphor in the hybridisation of marketing and political discourses: An analysis of English-language political advertising

The tourist booklet as a genre of professional discourse: Interaction with the customer

When linguistics meets computer science: Stylometry and professional discourse

The functional approach, semiotics and professional discourse

Semantic shift in conflict terminology in contemporary Russian socio-cultural media discourse

Review Why study languages? (A review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

The first issue of 2021 offers academic research helping us to better understand attitudes to organisational culture around the world, the relationship between intercultural communication and national identity, the role of authentic materials in language teaching and learning, the relationship between human translation skills and neural translation machines, the development of pre-service teachers’ digital communication skills and the development of remote teacher training programmes.


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Organisational culture – a fallacy?

National identity in international education: Revisiting problems of intercultural communication in the global world

Re-framing conceptual metaphor translation research in the age of neural machine translation: Investigating translators’ added value with products and processes

Developing pre-service teachers’ digital communication and competences through service learning for bilingual literacy

Introducing German pre-service teachers to remote teaching: Policy, preparation and perceptions of competence development of future foreign language teachers

The implementation of authentic language input in second language (L2) teaching: Pedagogical arguments

Review Intercultural politeness: Managing relations across cultures (a review)

Review The bilingual brain: And what it tells us about the science of language (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 1

The final issue of 2020 broaches some challenging questions in the realm of EFL assessment, applied linguistics, active learning, education for sustainable development, teaching second language to migrant and ethnic minorities, and the lexical composition of contemporary political discourse.


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Standard setting and internal validation of a novel approach adopted for assessing speaking

Programming for specific purposes in linguistics: A new challenge for the humanitarian curricula

Towards synergetic combination of traditional and innovative digital teaching and research practices

Promoting the UN sustainable development goals in teaching, research and democratic urban life: Approaches to lifelong education for sustainable development

Which competences for whom? Supporting the supporters of work-related L2 development by migrants and ethnic minorities

The creative potential of contemporary Russian political discourse: From new words to new paradigms

Review Peacebuilding in language education: Innovations in theory and practice (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

This issue offers insightful research on Arabic, Chinese, Greek, German and English languages and cultures drawing on a diverse range of methodological frameworks and an impressive repertoire of scientific approaches. Another exciting issue featuring new scholarship from Russia, Western Europe and the Middle East, complemented by recent book reviews and, as is customary, our quarterly news report.


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Do Saudi academic women use more feminised speech to describe their professional titles? An evidence from corpus

Soubriquet nomination as referred to cultural awareness and intercultural competence

‘Safe’ political discourse: Linguo-cultural and pragma-linguistic perspectives

Claiming and displaying national identity: A case study of Chinese exchange students in Russia

Language and the pandemic: The construction of semantic frames in Greek-German comparison

Language and cognitive science: How language affects reasoning and memory

Review Close encounters of a cultural kind: Lessons for business, negotiation and friendship (a review)

Review Soft power: The new great game for global dominance (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

This issue explores how to teach management diversity in the multinational workplace, the issues of communication in multicultural classrooms and how to manage them, the ways of overcoming xenoglossophobia, and the challenge of considering local environment as part of the language teaching process. Also, Italy features strongly in this issue with two articles on the terminology used in the Italian tourist and furniture and interior design industries, and the importance of loanwords in organisational naming to ensure more effective international marketing.


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Intercultural communication in multicultural education space

Anglicisms and loanwords: The contribution of English exemplified by contemporary Italian tourist terminology

Company naming strategies in the Italian interior design industry

The fear factor: Xenoglossophobia or how to overcome the anxiety of speaking foreign languages

Glocalisation in action: ‘Less is More’ English coursebook series

Managing diversity in the classroom

Review Bagels, bumf and buses: A day in the life of the English language (a review)

Review Language unlimited: The science behind our most creative power (a review)







Profession-Oriented Research: Educational and Methodological Perspectives

Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

Guest Editor Dr Robert O'Dowd

The first issue of 2020 is a special one, not only because it bears its own name - Profession-Oriented Research: Educational and Methodological Perspectives - but also because it was prepared by a very special Guest Editor - Dr Robert O'Dowd whose contribution in putting the issue together cannot be underestimated. Dr O'Dowd's concise yet overwhelmingly to-the-point Introduction will place things in context for our readers. On the part of the TLC team, we extend our sincere gratitude to Prof O'Dowd and would like to thank him for his time and effort in making this a truly special issue.


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Profession-oriented training of foreign language teachers in modern conditions

Teaching academic writing: A shift towards intercultural rhetoric

Business cultural training in a globalised economy

Enhancing the development of intercultural communicative competence in business and study environments

Successful international communication

The role of toponymic periphrasis in developing professional competence in learning Spanish

Review Let’s talk: How English conversation works (a review)

Review Your voice speaks volumes: It’s not what you say but how you say it (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

This issue will examine an array of problematic areas of study concerned with intercultural competence, virtual exchange, the task-based approach to L2 teaching, language for work, politeness strategies, translation of field-specific terminology from French into Russian, and the language of social media and status messages.


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Teaching intercultural communicative competence through virtual exchange

Applying a task-based approach to authentic texts: An example of teaching a poem to lower level students of Greek as L2

Language for work matters

Politeness strategies in business English discourse

Translating cheese production terminology from French to Russian: Challenges and pitfalls

Self-representation through social network status messages: Psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic and gender aspects

Review Cross-cultural management: With insights from brain science (a review)

Review Critical global semiotics: Understanding sustainable transformational citizenship (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

This issue will leave no stone unturned in its search for some inspiring methodological, linguistic and cultural perspectives that will, hopefully, make a valid contribution to the corresponding fields of research.


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The cultural imperative: Global trends in the 21st century

Understanding African cultures and philosophies

Can a sociolinguistic perspective of Second Language Acquisition solve ‘the longstanding human curiosity’ of learning languages?

The linguistic aspect behind the changing attitudes towards ‘globalisation’ and ‘deglobalisation’ of economic processes (a case study of the German print media)

Intensifying adverbs in the English language

Grammatical interference in written papers translated by Russian and American students

Review Don’t believe a word: The surprising truth about language (a review)

Review Because Internet: Understanding the new rules of language (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

The issue will look closely into the intricate nature, pitfalls and difficulties of second language acquisition, as well as address a number of purely linguistic problems within the realm of pragmatics, grammar and discourse studies.


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Neural foundations of creativity in foreign language acquisition

Narrative and identity in the foreign language classroom: Reflections on symbolic competence

Writing diplomatically: Managing potential conflict

Persuasive techniques in advertising

Semantics and pragmatics of the double modal ‘might could’

Hedging in different types of discourse

Review Dreyer’s English: An utterly correct guide to clarity and style (a review)

Review Teaching digital literacy (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 1

The first issue of 2019 will shed light on a number of engaging topics that will hit home with both language researchers and teachers. The underlying theme in our language section has to do primarily with style and everything it takes to make various institutional discourses productive, targeted and explicit.


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Euphemisms in advertising discourse: Putting on a positive face and maintaining speech etiquette

Art discourse revisited: Linguocultural specifics of childhood-related art tokens

Cognitive and pragmatic approach to using stylistic devices in English literary discourse

Questioning practice in the EFL classroom

Cross-cultural pragmatic failure

Some aspects of the role of interpreters in investigative interviews

Review Between turn and sequence: Turn-initial particles across languages (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 4

This final issue of the passing year has drawn together a set of diverse research with studies ranging from teaching languages in emerging economies to the use of interjections by British royal family members. The former subject has obviously become one of the central concerns in both practical and scholarly terms as developing countries worldwide are struggling to overcome educational obstacles and provide for language learning.


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English for the underserved: Closing the digital divide

Endangered languages: The case of Irish Gaelic

The defeat of radical singularism in Russian, English and French literature

Developing creative writing skills in a high school ESL classroom

The role of cultural scripts in non-native speech generation

Interjections in the speech of British royal family members

Review First you write a sentence: The elements of reading, writing... and life (a review)

Review It’s all Greek: Borrowed words and their histories (a review)

Review Have you eaten grandma? (A reivew)

Review Multilingual computer assisted language learning (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

In this issue, the crux of the matter has to do mostly with one of the key political, economic and sociocultural issues of today – the so-called refugee crisis and the corresponding issues faced by numerous communities across the globe. As multiculturalism continues to advocate equal respect to the various cultures in a society and promote the maintenance of cultural diversity, the matters of language learning and teaching come to the forefront highlighting the need for initiatives to support children and adult education in the context of the ever-shifting geopolitical developments.


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Multilingualism language policy in the EU today: A paradigm shift in language education

Fostering foreign language acquisition in young refugees using mobile devices: The YouRNI project experience

Teaching and learning in a multi-cultural school in Thessaloniki: A case study

Translation as a subject of theoretical text analysis

Some basic challenges and strategies in teaching translation to Chemistry majors

Strategic implementation of verbs of communication in English business discourse

Review Spirituality and English language teaching: Religious explorations of teacher identity, pedagogy and context (a review)

  • Original work by: Mary Shephard Wong and Ahmar Mahboob (Eds.)

  • Reviewed by: Barry Tomalin and Dominique Vouillemin

  • Pages: 97-100
  • DOI: 10.29366/2018tlc.2.3.7

  • Access: Access article

Review Breaking news: The remaking of journalism and why it matters now (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 4

In such an uncertain world of political tension and complex social relations, how are linguists and cultural specialists to interpret it using language? Do we state the truth as we see it, modify it, avoid it or falsify it? In search for the answer, we have chosen George Carlin as our cover quotation this month, for a lot of language is about manipulating opinion and maybe avoiding the truth. Many of the articles this issue address this area of different uses of language.


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Teaching intercultural competence in undergraduate business and management studies

Minitexts of poetic titles as markers of the English cognitive paradigm

Vague language as a means of avoiding controversy

Persuasion strategy in online social advertising

EU immigration in the British press: How was immigration reported immediately prior to the EU referendum?

Classification of English loanwords in Business Spanish

Review Intercultural communication: An interdisciplinary approach. When neurons, genes and evolution joined the discourse (a review)

Review Language, education and neoliberalism: Critical studies in Sociolinguistics (a review)

Review Post-truth (a review)

Review Taking Chinese to the world: Language, culture and identity in Confucius Institute teachers (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 4

We have taken the opportunity to publish papers on how language institutions developed both as part of the history of language learning and teaching and as a possible model for other countries wishing to develop their own institutions. In Issue 1(2), we explored changes in teaching methodology in China and in Issue 1(3) – how the German Gymnasium had contributed to excellence in language learning. In this issue, we explain how the development of tutorial schools met the needs of a post-second-world-war emerging Greek middle class wishing to take advantage of international trade, and more.


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Integration examination in the Russian Federation. Three years of experience and research: Success or failure?

The teacher’s sense of plausibility

Selecting a translation equivalent: Factors to consider in the classroom

Poetry and diplomacy: Telling it slant

Free indirect speech as a means to introduce archaic style into the author’s narration: A Russian linguistics perspective

Made in Greece: PALSO Federation and foreign language education in Greece

Review How language began (a review)

Review Diplomatic protocol: Etiquette, statecraft and trust (a review)

Review Making sense: The glamorous history of English grammar (a review)

Review One kiss or two: In search of the perfect greeting (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 3

We present another varied review of the academic field of language, culture and literature. The key theme this issue is alternative approaches to education with articles by Robert O’Dowd on internationalising the classroom through Virtual Exchange, Heiner Böttger et al. on how a different font type and colour can help or hinder reading fluency, and a challenging article by Svetlana Popova on how ICT can be used to motivate Generation Z students to learn more effectively.


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Virtual exchange and internationalising the classroom

Teaching Generation Z: Methodological problems and their possible solutions

Contrast and font affect reading speeds of adolescents with and without a need for language-based learning support

Gender literature: How much is it underpinned by authors’ private lives?

An acoustic analysis of the production of word-initial stop /p/ by late Arab bilinguals

Phrasal verbs as learning material in Business English courses for students majoring in Linguistics

Review From principles to practice in education for intercultural citizenship (a review)

Review Do I make myself clear? Why writing well matters (a review)

Review The Bonjour Effect: The secret codes of French conversation revealed (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 3

Silence is an important part of communication and how to use it as part of metacommunication is the subject covered by Hayet Bahri and Robert Williams in their paper. It is an important and very relevant overview of and contribution to the applied linguistic and cultural understanding of communication. The issue also features reviews of Michael Carrier’s Digital Language Learning and Teaching: Research, Theory and Practice, Mark Thompson’s Enough Said: What’s Gone Wrong with the Lanuguage of Politics?, and Patricia Friedrich’s English for Diplomatic Purposes.


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Interconnectivity and metacommunication

Developing Business English skills using case studies in multilevel education

Teaching negotiation in a globalised world: Benefits of a genre approach

Typological differences in morphemic-syllabic word structure in English and Chinese

English and foreign language teaching in the German Gymnasium

Sappho’s missed communications

Review Digital language learning and teaching: Research, theory and practice (a review)

Review Enough said: What’s gone wrong with the language of politics? (A review)

Review English for diplomatic purposes (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 3

This issue presents a notable range of research including analysis of language corpora and their value and limitations in describing changes in language usage; analysis of the characteristics of semantic fields based on an international experiment recognising names of common birds; why it is that in the early stages little girls may be better at language learning than little boys; why the teaching of cultural differences, particularly as expressed through non-verbal communication, is essential to the successful teaching of international business communication; and how the French business press is making increasing use of British and American expressions despite the sometime resistance of the French language establishment.


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Usage on the move: Evolution and re-volution

Developing students’ socio-cultural competence in foreign language classes

Early gender diversity in reading and writing: Research and didactical consequences

Psycholinguistic analysis of lexical-semantic structure in linguistic consciousness of Russian, English and German native speakers

Teaching English in China: Changing self-perception

Linguistic and functional cognitive peculiarities of media language as the basis of interpretations in the communicative sphere

Review Modern English grammar: Morphology and syntax (a review)

Review Why English? Confronting the Hydra (a review)

Review Language ideology, policy and planning in Peru (a review)







Articles: 6 Reviews: 2

In this issue, we are honoured to feature an article by Professor Crystal on the need for an online cultural dictionary. His investigation of culture and its importance in a global economy is something to be strongly welcomed. The second article is by world Scopus recognised author Elena Malyuga of RUDN University on the role of professional jargon in international business and how to improve understanding in international business meetings and negotiations, an important aspect of successful communication.


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My priority for the next 50 years: An online cultural dictionary

Communicative strategies and tactics of speech manipulation in intercultural business discourse

Automated Speech Recognition in language learning: Potential models, benefits and impact

Minitexts in modern educational discourse: Functions and trends

An analysis of two evaluative models for a university MA English for Communication course

Dynamic changes in modern English discourse

Review Teaching English literature / Shorties: Flash fiction in English language teaching (a review)

Review Gift of the gab: How eloquence works (a review)






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